Specialized unit in sports, big dara, and football yield


Responsible for the Unit: Javier Sánchez Sánchez

The IGOID Group has opened a new relationship with sports revenue. In it are located different works on the effect of sports surfaces on performance, the use of data oriented to verify different aspects of performance in relation to sports facilities and, above all, research related to football.

Again, in addition to the research and reports made available to all, the group stands out today for developing a protocol for the evaluation of the performance and the prevention of injuries and also for the valuation of the player, based on the use of the most sophisticated technologies and methods of measurement.

The IGOID Group offers to clubs the possibility of requesting a protocol and can be held during one of the team’s training sessions in their usual place.

This new protocol allows to evaluate the player from the point of view of performance and injury prevention, the purpose of this action is to provide sports clubs interested comprehensive advice on the anthropometric profile, physical condition and injury risk of their players.

In the protocol, generally a total of 7 tests are performed to allow the player to be fully evaluated. First, the anthropometric profile of the participants is analyzed through bioelectrical impedance and a stadiometer, allowing to obtain the fat free mass and fat mass of each player.

From the point of view of injury prevention, and from the analysis of tensiomiography, it is possible to make a muscular assessment (non-invasive), since it is possible to measure the displacement of the muscular belly as a function of time, which is quite significant, because it may be related to muscle tone. In general, a short displacement would mean that there may be a lot of muscle tone and, conversely, a long shift could indicate that there is little muscle tone. In this protocol, a full analysis of the muscle contraction capacity of the femoral biceps and the anterior rectus of both legs of each athlete was performed before and after performing a repeated sprint test.

On the other hand, through infrared thermography, it is possible to accurately measure and visualize the temperatures of a part of the body, detecting and recording the hot and cold areas of the area studied as a result of heat dissipation dependent on flow and circulatory blood volume subcutaneous and muscle metabolic activity. In the field of sports, temperature analysis is used to prevent injury, since an increase in temperature may be associated with regeneration of muscle tissue. In this protocol, the muscular response to the exercise of the main muscle groups that compose the lower extremities of the players (quadriceps, hamstrings and calf) is examined by means of a thermographic camera before and after the RSA test.

The ability to control the imbalance that a player has through a standardized test through a portable power platform is also evaluated. This test lasts 20 seconds and the main value to take into account is the distance traveled by the center of pressure (COP), since it has been shown that the lower this value, the greater the capacity to control the imbalance. Thus, a better neuromuscular response to this stimulus will produce a better response to sudden changes in direction or acceleration, jumps and supports, reducing the risk of suffering a lesion in the lower extremity.

Finally, the physical and physiological response of the players to different tasks that have been shown to have a direct influence on football performance through the most advanced equipment in heart rate monitoring (firstbeat) and Performance Analysis (photoelectric cells and optojump).

The tests performed in this protocol are: a speed test (30 m stop), an agility test (Test T), the above mentioned repeated sprint test or RSA (7 x 30 meters, with 20 seconds of recovery – between each one of them) and a jump movement test (CMJ).